@ShunBot
They don’t.
The more accurate statement is that Japanese spend many hours in the office. Whether they are actually being productive in those hours is another matter entirely.
The reality is that Japanese office workers spend a good amount of their office hours either pretending to be busy or literally sleeping on the job.
Japanese society is 99% image and 1% substance. Looking like you’re working is far more important than actually working.
For most jobs in Japan, actual KPI performance is rarely a factor. Only the most cut-throat sales positions really look hard at KPI. If you’re working some middle office position, there’s no need to worry about job performance so long as you show up on time and leave after your boss.
Now, to be fair, this culture is changing. More Japanese firms are making it clear to their employees that they need to actually get work done even if it means that they can leave before their boss does.
Progress is slow as evidenced by failed national initiatives like “Premium Fridays” which allowed employees to go home at 15:00 on Fridays. Basically, no one participated in the initiative, and the few companies that said they would, didn’t actually carry it out. They would much rather have their staff sit in the office doing nothing than actually going home and boosting the economy by shopping or making babies.whatever-happened-to-premium-friday-japanese-government-looks-set-to-pull-the-plug
The bottom line is that Japan is a victim of its own inefficient and inflexible culture. Everyone in Japan opening acknowledges that their work culture is toxic and inefficient, but no one is willing to actually affect change because no one is willing to be the first to do anything.

他們沒(méi)有。
更準確的說(shuō)法是日本人在辦公室里度過(guò)了很多時(shí)間。但是他們在這些時(shí)間里是否真正富有成效,則完全是另一回事。
現實(shí)情況是,日本辦公室職員在辦公時(shí)間里要么假裝忙碌,要么真的在工作時(shí)睡覺(jué)。
日本社會(huì )99%注重形象,1%注重實(shí)質(zhì)??雌饋?lái)在工作比實(shí)際在工作重要得多。
對于日本的大多數工作來(lái)說(shuō),實(shí)際的KPI績(jì)效很少,這是一個(gè)因素。只有最殘酷的銷(xiāo)售崗位才會(huì )真正重視KPI。
如果你在中層辦公室工作,只要你準時(shí)上班并在老板下班后離開(kāi),就無(wú)需擔心工作績(jì)效。
現在,公平地說(shuō),這種文化正在改變。越來(lái)越多的日本公司向員工明確表示,他們只需要完成工作,即使這意味著(zhù)他們可以在老板下班前離開(kāi)。
但進(jìn)展緩慢,比如“優(yōu)質(zhì)星期五”等失敗的國家舉措,該舉措允許員工在星期五下午3點(diǎn)回家?;旧?,沒(méi)有人參與這項舉措,而少數幾家聲稱(chēng)會(huì )參與的公司實(shí)際上并沒(méi)有實(shí)施。他們寧愿讓員工坐在辦公室里無(wú)所事事,也不愿真正回家購物或生孩子來(lái)促進(jìn)經(jīng)濟發(fā)展。
歸根結底,日本是其自身低效和缺乏靈活性文化的受害者。日本的每個(gè)人都承認他們的工作文化是有害和低效的,但沒(méi)有人愿意真正影響變革,因為沒(méi)有人愿意成為第一個(gè)出頭鳥(niǎo)。